• Refer to text to support opinions and predictions.
• Give a view about choice of vocabulary, structure, etc.
• Distinguish between fact and opinion.
• Appreciate how a set of sentences has been arranged to create maximum effect.
o complex sentences with more than one subordinate clause
o phrases which add detail to sentences
• Explain how a writer has used sentences to create particular effects.
• Skim and scan to aide note-taking.
• Use subordinate clauses to write complex sentences.
• Use passive voice where appropriate.
• Use expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely (e.g. The fact that it was raining meant the end of sports day).
• Use a sentence structure and layout matched to requirements of text type.
• Use semi-colon, colon or dash to mark the boundary between independent clauses.
• Use colon to introduce a list and semi colon within a list.
• Use correct punctuation of bullet points.
• Use hyphens to avoid ambiguity.
• Use full range of punctuation matched to requirements of text type.
• Use wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs.
• Use paragraphs to signal change in time, scene, action, mood or person.
• Write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed.